everest base camp

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A Complete Guide to Trekking Everest Base Camp

Everest Base Camp is the most famous trekking destination of Nepal that takes you to the foothill of the highest mountain in the world (Mt. Everest). Apart from the destination Everest Base Camp, Everest Base Camp trekking will let you explore the mighty Himalayas, landscapes, nature and culture of Sherpa people at its best.

However, the trail is strenuous to follow through. You have to cross many rocky and windy trails in altitude above 3000 m to complete the Everest region trekking. Pursuing guided trekking makes the whole trip easier but it is possible to do solo trekking as well.

The trekking trail is well marked and you will cross Sherpa villages every once in a while. There are tea houses run by Sherpas for accommodation. Since the trekking trail stays busy, you will encounter many trekkers along the way. So there is almost no chance of getting lost. However, there are few things you should know and consider before going for a solo base camp trek.

Trek cost and Permits

The trekking cost of the Everest Base Camp trekking depends upon how many days you choose to spend in the region. The major things you have to spend your money is plane tickets from Kathmandu to Lukla and vice versa. It costs around $150 each way. You also need to spend around $60 on permits.

The average daily estimated cost is around $50 for food and accommodation. Accommodation is cheap in Khumbu region but food becomes expensive as there is no easy transportation facilities in this area and goods have to be carried by porters, mules and yaks. However, the cost may vary according to time and situation. You need to spend on buying gears and equipment as well.

Trekking in the famous trails in Nepal requires trekking permit. Everest Base Camp trek requires 2 types of permits namely TIMS (Trekker’s Information Management System ) card and Sagarmatha National Park permit. You can get the permit in Nepal Tourism Board, Bhrikurimandap. For the Sagarmatha National Park permit, you can get it in Monjo, the entrance of Sagarmatha National Park.  They cost about $20 each.

Trekking Gears /Equipment 

To defeat the tough and unpredictable weather of the Himalayas, you need to prepare yourself with good equipment and gears. But considering the difficulty and duration of the trek, you should not make your backpack too heavy to carry. So you need to pack the most needed items only. Here are a few basic things we recommend you to carry along with you. But you can customize your backpack according to your need and preferences.

  • Sports Bras (for Female)
  • Down Jacket
  • Waterproof and Windproof Jacket
  • Hiking Socks
  • Light and Comfortable Clothes
  • Flash Dry Shirts
  • Cap or Hat
  • Woolen hat, Gloves, and Scarf
  • Quick Dry Towels
  • Neck Bands etc
  • Hiking Backpack
  • Day pack
  • Torch
  • Oximeters
  • Polarized sunglasses with UV protection
  • Raincoat
  • Sleeping Bag
  • Backup Battery
  • Water Bags/Bottle

Here are some optional items that help to make  your trek easy :

  • Maps
  • Headphones
  • Sunscreen
  • Moisturizer for face and body
  • Toilet Paper
  • Wet Wipes
  • Tampons/Sanitary Napkins
  • Toothbrush/Paste
  • Travel Shampoo/Body Wash Set
  • Deodorants
  • Sanitizer
  • Talcum Powder
  • Lip moisturizer
  • Small Comb
  • Pocket Knives
  •  Snacks (coffee mixes, cereal mixes, chocolates, oatmeals and other energy drinks etc)

Weather/Best time for trekking

Trekking in the Everest region can be done in almost every season. But in summer the trekking becomes less appropriate and difficult because of unpredictable weather and rainfalls. The trail becomes slippery and hard to walk during rainfall and you can not see the clear view of the surrounding landscapes most of the time. The temperature level drops in winter but you will get the best view of the mountains and landscapes in winter. So if you are ready to bear the fierce temperature level, winter is the best season to go.

During Autumn and Spring, the trail becomes crowded as these seasons are the most appropriate ones to go for the trek. The temperature and weather are suitable for trekking making it easier to complete the trek. You can choose the season you want to go according to your preference.

Trek Difficulty

 Everest Base Camp Trek difficulty is strenuous. You have to cross windy and rocky trails in high altitude (over 300 m) most of the time. One should be physically fit and healthy to conduct this trek. We recommend you to get involved in some fitness exercises before going to trek. You can do the following preparations for the trek:

  • Cardio exercises that include running, cycling, jogging, push-ups, and pull-ups for about 4-5 days a week for 3 months before your trip will begin.
  • Weight training to increase endurance capacity of muscles.
  • Hiking in hills in different weather conditions will be good preparation for this trip.
  • If you have access, kayaking will also be a very good way to develop the strength and endurance required for this trip.

Altitude Sickness

 Altitude Sickness can be a major problem while trekking to the Everest region. As most of the trekking route falls in the high and very high altitude region (2800 m to 5550 m), it becomes difficult for our body to adjust in such high altitude, low atmospheric pressure and low temperature. Sicknesses such as Acute mountain sickness, High Altitude Pulmonary Edema, High Altitude Cerebral Edema etc might affect you in high altitude. Some of them might be very serious that makes you abandon the whole trip. So you need to research it well and know how to prevent altitude sickness. Here are a few basic things you can do to prevent altitude sickness.

– Appropriate training before starting the trek (hiking, cycling, swimming, gym etc.)

– Staying hydrated during the trek

– Having appropriate diet during the trek

– Carrying medication such as Diamox or prescribed medicine

– Staying clean

– Taking acclimatization rest during the trek

– Descend back if your body shows any signs of altitude sickness


-Food Items

At most of the places, the major food item is Daal Bhat. Apart from that, some common food items such as fried rice, bread, eggs, potatoes, pasta, noodles etc are also available. The food gets more expensive the higher you go.


Wifi is available in the Everest region. However, you have to pay an expensive price for that. You get to charge your batteries in the teahouses by paying some extra amount.

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