Guidelines for the Management of Typhoid Infection
Typhoid fevers are very common. They can occur due to eating or drinking contaminated food or water. It passes through contact. So, if you are suffering from typhoid you need to be quarantined immediately. It has the common symptoms of that of a cold or fever. But, in a much more exaggerated form so, you need to be really careful. What people do commonly is that leave everything for granted as a cold or fever. And, so the symptoms increase and ends up being really bad.
Typhoid fever can be seen having a number of symptoms which are generally same as that of a normal viral fever. You can easily confuse between them. It can be hard to distinguish whether you have typhoid fever or not. So, you have to be really vigilant.
Some of the common symptoms of having a typhoid infection are as follows
- Severe headache
- Loss of appetite
- Unusual weight loss
- Generalized aches in the whole body
How can you be diagnosed with typhoid infection?
People can easily contract typhoid through contaminated food and water. Even patients can spread it through contaminating the water supply by their stool. The original patients may become acute carriers of this bacteria. Some may develop a short-term illness but others who contract this disease suffer for a long time. These bacteria can multiply in the gall bladder and bile ducts. They live for a long time in water or dried sewage. So, this disease is very difficult to get rid of. If a person in a locality is affected, it is highly likely that others would also be affected.
Detection of typhoid infection
It may be very difficult for even experienced doctors to understand if you have a viral or typhoid fever. So, only blood test for typhoid can confirm whether you have this disease or not.
The incubation of this typhoid infection is one or two weeks. But the patient usually suffers for long standing symptoms even after taking medicine. The long withstanding symptoms are as follows.
- Weight loss
- Appetite loss
- Abdominal pain and peritonitis
- High fever
- Night chills and shivers
- Intestinal bleeding or perforation which occurs two or three weeks after you get diagnosed with this disease
- Chest pain or discomfort
- A feeling of suffocation
- Prolonged abdominal pain
Antibiotics help to cure typhoid infection. But before its usage typhoid fever had a 20% fatality rate as well. Previously, the death rate used to be affected by increased pneumonia, vomiting, loss of appetite, fever and intestinal perforation. It is still regarded as a very dangerous disease but due to the invention of modern cure the mortality rate is now 1-2 % due to the use of antibiotics. The gastrointestinal bloating and constipation may last for a lifetime. Prolonged home treatment may be helpful.
The best way to completely cure typhoid infection is through antibiotics and injections. If you are in a serious condition the doctor even may advise you to get admitted in the hospital. If your stomach is weak, you may need ryles tube insertion to feed you. It will provide your stomach the necessary nutrients. Do not ignore the typhoid fever by mistaking it as the viral infection. The typhoid fever is deadly almost and has a lot of long standing consequences.
Some home remedies like drinking warm water with clove and eating pomegranates help to cure typhoid infection. You can eat this fruit to prevent dehydration and keep your energy up. Either strain it in a cup or have it as a fruit. It is very beneficial.