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Heart Bypass Surgery, also known as Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery, is a surgical procedure to restore the normal blood flow to an obstructed coronary artery. This basically improves the flow of blood and oxygen to the heart. The doctor basically takes a piece of the blood vessel from the chest or the leg of the patient and then grafts the first end onto the aorta and another end to the coronary artery beneath the block one.
There are two main approaches to perform bypass surgery operation. In the first approach, the left internal thoracic artery is diverted to the left anterior descending branch of the left coronary artery. In the second approach, a great saphenous vein is removed from the leg; its one end is attached to the aorta and the second end is attached to the obstructed artery to restore blood flow.
The Procedure of Heart Bypass Surgery:
Heart Bypass surgery takes almost 3 to 6 hours and the patient is asleep the whole time with general anesthesia. The surgeon begins by making an incision in the middle of your chest. A patient is then hooked up to a cardiopulmonary bypass machine which circulates oxygenated blood through your body while the surgeon operates on the heart.
Some procedures are performed off-pump in which no connection is made with the heart-lung machine during surgery. The surgeon will then remove a healthy blood vessel from your chest or leg to replace the blocked and damaged portion of the artery. A heart-lung machine is removed soon after the surgery in order to check the function of Bypass surgery.
If the surgery is successful and functions properly, the surgeon will stitch up the patient and shift him to the intensive care unit for monitoring. It is advised to pick only the best heart hospital in Delhi for undergoing such a major surgery.
Heart Bypass Surgery recovery is a period that immediately follows an intensive surgical procedure. It is a very important phase that has to be handled with care and caution. A patient will remain in the hospital for about one week. A person who has undergone bypass surgery can expect a recovery period of about 4 to 6 weeks. In most of the cases, a person can resume his work, begin exercises and indulge in sexual activity after 4 to 6 weeks. However, it is advised to take your doctors’ permission before doing so.
Risks involve in Bypass Surgery
Technical advancements have improved the procedure but still, there are certain risks involved in Bypass surgery operation such as:
- Chest pain
- Kidney failure
- Temporary or permanent memory loss
- Blood Clots
Types of Heart Bypass Surgery
Heart Bypass Surgery is mainly of two types namely on-pump surgery and off-pump surgery. Choose the best heart hospital in Delhi and increase the chances of a successful surgery.
This type of surgery makes the use of the heart-lung machine. It circulates oxygenated blood through the body and thus allows doctors to stop the heart. On-pump surgery is quite easier than the off-pump option.
As the name implies, this surgery doesn’t involve any machine. In this type, the surgery takes place while the heart is beating and that’s why it is also known as beating heart surgery.